The Department of Strategic Studies (DSS) is one of the academic departments at the Centre for Foreign Relations (CFR) that was established to cater for socio- economic and political needs after the liberation struggle in Africa. The Department provides quality and competitive training sessions, as well as research and consultancy services in the fields of conflict management, peace building, mediation, leadership, governance, strategic studies, public administration, national interest and economic reforms, constitutional and legal affairs, international trade and policy analysis. In fulfilling its mandates as a “Think Tank” in the areas of its competences, the DSS is running both long term and short term courses to meet the needs of our clients in the specified fields. Also, the Department will start offering regular PGD programme in Peace and Conflict Management. The programme will run in Dar es Salaam, Dodoma and Zanzibar in both regular evening and executive modes.


This is a multidisciplinary program that exposes the students to the areas of Peace and Conflict Management. The students will explore the relationship between conflicts, peace and conflict resolutions as well as review the discourse on peace and conflict management. While the course will survey the global patterns of peace and conflicts, it will as well pay more attention to the issues that are specific to Africa. In addition to the theoretical exposure, the students will be equipped with skills that will enable them to handle practical issues in their working environments.

Overall objective

The overall objective is to enhance the knowledge, build skills on prevention, management and resolutions of conflicts by using globally accepted and African specific tools.

Specific Objectives 

  • To equip students with an understanding of the key concepts and theories in peace and conflict management; and 
  • To impart to students the practical experience in preventing, resolving, and managing conflicts and managing peace building.

Justification and Rationale

Interstate and intrastate conflicts have throughout existed in Africa. The Tanzania – Mozambique Centre for Foreign Relations, a regional think tank in International Relations, Economic Diplomacy and Strategic studies, found it imperative to develop a program that will cater for theoretical and practical needs in the areas of Peace and Conflict Management. The idea behind this program is two-fold. First, to meet Centre’s vision of becoming a regional centre of excellence, a highly demanded think tank in international relations, diplomatic and strategic studies; while pursuing Centre’s mission of providing scholarly and strategic teaching, research, policy advocacy and outreach services in international relations and diplomatic studies – targeted a strategic national and international needs. Second, to assist in ifort of minimizing conflicts in Africa by strengthening people’s knowledge, skills and experience in peace and conflict management.

The Postgraduate Diploma in Peace and Conflict Management (PGD-PCM) program is among the Centre’s contribution to the ongoing national, regional and global initiatives of finding lasting solutions to conflicts and subsequently building everlasting peace.

This Post-graduate Diploma program focuses on exploring causes of social and political conflicts, including but not limited to those  over resources, related to security issues, justice, governance, gender and human rights among others. Equally, the program stresses peaceful means of promoting Africa’s sustainable development that combines theories and practices to prepare course participants to become professionals and researchers in the area.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the program the students will be able to;

  • Identify different discourses in conflict management and promotion of peace;
  • Participate fully in peace building and conflict management processes;
  • Mainstream gender in peace building and conflict management processes;
  • Conduct research in conflict related matters;and
  • To communicate through more than two languages.

Mode of delivery

This program will be offered in evenings, whereby students will attend 15 weeks of lectures and other practical components in each semester. The program will be facilitated by adult learning pedagogy guided by experiential and participatory philosophy. The methodology is highly participatory with various simulation exercises, including role-plays, case studies as well as interactive lectures. Although case studies will be drawn from different parts of the world, to enrich the knowledge, the majority of cases will be drawn from Africa.

Target group

The program is designed for various professional needs. It targets individuals in foreign services, military, NGOs, lawyers, mediators and negotiators, sociologist, social workers, counsels, psychologist and other related fields.

Entry Qualifications

Entry to the program requires an appropriate first degree with a Pass (2.0 GPA and above)

Program Design

Postgraduate Diploma in Peace and Conflict Management is a one year, full-time, program comprising of core and elective modules taught in two semesters. In the two semesters, students take a minimum of 120 credits, of which 93 credits are core, 27 fundamental credits.

Assessment scheme

Continuous assessment (individual assignment, seminar presentation/ practical, class participation and timed test) will comprise of 50% and end-of semester examination 50%.

Program Fee:TZ 2,500,000/=, The fee caters for identity card, library, students’ union contribution and tuition.

The Program comprises of twelve modules, of which nine modules are core and three are fundamental. Students will be required to take nine core and three fundamental modules.
Modules to be taught

  • Peace Building Practices
  • National Interests
  • International Security and Arms Control
  • Managing Peace Keeping Operations
  • Research Methodology for Peace and Conflict Resolutions
  • Theories and Methods in Conflict Management
  • Communication Skills
  • Contemporary Security Threats in Africa
  • Gender and Human Rights
  • Migrants and Refugees

Students will have to choose one of the following foreign languages:

Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Chinese & Korean


The DSS offers the following short courses:

  • Essentials of Conflict Resolution & Mediation Skills;
  • International Security & Arms Control;
  • Fundamentals of Information Security;
  • Cyber Security;
  • Governance and Leadership;
  • Effective Investor – Government Relations;
  • Fundamentals of International Security;
  • International Security; and
  • Geopolitics and Geostrategy

Best strategies is always for best Success

Dr.Juma Kanua: Head of Department